Health Benefits of Tea

Tea and Health Benefits

Introduction

Tea is a beverage and is one of the highly consumed drinks worldwide. Tea has a soothing and relaxing effect which is the reason for its popularity. Iced tea and hot tea both are consumed by people regularly to enjoy its benefits.

Tea comes in four varieties and they are black tea, white tea, oblong tea and green tea. Herbal tea would not be included in this category as it comes from a different source. Tea leaves are fermented for black tea. Whereas for white tea and green tea, the tea leaves do not undergo the fermentation process. In the preparation of oolong tea, the leaves are fermented to a lesser degree.

Black tea is prepared when black tea leaves are boiled with water. Spices, herbs, ginger, sugar, mint, cardamom, cinnamon, lemon grass and basil leaves are also added when brewing black tea. Black tea leaves are also boiled with water, milk and sugar for black tea. Black tea has high amounts of caffeine.

For green tea, the tea leaves are made by drying or steaming the tea leaves. The tea leaves are not fermented. Hence the tea laves are green in color. Green tea is bitter to the taste-buds. This is because green tea is known to have balanced amounts of caffeine which lends the bitterness to the tea.

White tea undergoes lesser processing as compared to black tea and green tea and hence the time taken for its production is comparatively lower than the other varieties. White tea carries low amounts of caffeine.

Oolong tea leaves are only partially fermented hence they contain qualities of both black tea and green tea. The fermentation process is discontinued when the tea leaves change color when producing oolong tea. Oolong tea contains alternating amounts of caffeine.

Drinking tea is associated with maintaining good health according to ancient traditions. However there is enough proof about the benefits accrued as a result of tea intake that can substantiate these assertions. Let us study the same in the following details.

  • Anti-Oxidant

Tea can be considered as an anti-oxidant as it contains nutrients that fight against free radicals that can cause infection and damage to the bodily organs. The immunity of the body to combat bacteria and viruses is also increased here and there is relief from cold, cough and flu. The intake of tea is also known to prevent various types of cancer that could affect the different body parts.  The anti-aging elements in tea help defy the aging process. Black tea contains anti-inflammatory properties and is useful in enhancing digestive health. Thus tea plays the role of an effective anti-oxidant agent.

  • Bone Health

Regular consumption of tea also promotes healthy bones. This is due to the elements contained in tea that strengthen the bones.

  • Heart Health

Tea prevents blood clotting and as a result the blood vessels and blood streams are kept clear which is vital for the smooth flow of blood in the body. Here the health of the heart is promoted and heart-related disorders such as stroke, hypertension and heart attacks are avoided.

  • Reduces Risk of Diabetes

Oolong tea helps to reduce the risk of diabetes by monitoring the sugar and insulin levels in the blood and controlling fluctuations in the flow of blood in the body.

Green tea and white tea also help keep diabetes under control.

Other Benefits

Tea comes with other benefits which are lowering stress levels, maintaining weight measures, refreshing and hydrating properties, reducing the amounts of bad cholesterol in the body, boosting energy levels, detoxifying qualities, skin-care, dental-care by preventing the build-up of plaque in the mouth to name a few.